What can cause bleeding gums?

Poor oral hygiene habits

Poor oral hygiene habits is one of the most common causes of bleeding gums. The accumulation of plaque can cause irritation as well as inflammation of your gums and this can further lead to bleeding.

Use a good toothbrush

Ensure that you are using a suitable toothbrush as a hard one can hurt your gums and cause them to bleed. If you are unsure whether you are using a suitable toothbrush, seek guidance from your dentist.


Be sure to floss your teeth daily. If you floss too vigorously, your gums may bleed so please bear this in mind when you are about to floss your teeth.

Poor diet

A diet that lacks vitamins C, vitamin D or calcium may increase your risk of gum problems. In addition, avoid consuming too much sugar and opt for a nutritious, well-balanced diet instead.

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Other factors

Other factors that may lead to bleeding gums include mouth ulcerations, oral contraceptives, ill-fitting dentures or other dental appliances, some medical conditions and some medications.

See your dentist

If you suffer from bleeding gums or require more information, see your dentist.

Source: Dis-Chem Benefits magazine, Issue 55, Spring 2016

While All4Women endeavours to ensure health articles are based on scientific research, health articles should not be considered as a replacement for professional medical advice. Should you have concerns related to this content, it is advised that you discuss them with your personal healthcare provider.