Last updated on Jun 22nd, 2021 at 05:35 pm

Sources of phytonutrients

Flavonoids

Flavonoids are water soluble compounds that have anti-virus, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory as well as anti-allergy properties.

Flavonoids can be found in all fruits and vegetables, some of which offer specific health benefits, for example red grapes and tea may help to reduce cholesterol whilst cranberries and blueberries help fight urinary infections.

Carotenoids

Sources can be found in all red, orange, yellow and dark green vegetables and fruit. Carotenoids such as lycopene and capsanthin may help to prevent heart disease and some cancers and boost the immune system.

Phytoestrogens

Phytoestrogens can be found in soya beans and products such as tofu and soya milk, yoghurt as well as chickpeas. It is believed to play a beneficial role in reducing the risk of osteoporosis and breast cancer.

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Ellagic acid

Ellagic acid seems to help fight skin and breast cancer as well as cancer of the colon, prostrate, pancreas and oesophagus. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammtory properties and plays a role in eliminating toxins from the body. Ellagic acid can be found in pomegranates, grapes, berries, currants, walnuts and pecans.

Phytosterols

Phytosterols are also known as saponins. They have antioxidant properties and are known to reduce blood cholesterol levels as well as hardening of the arteries. They can be found in nuts, seeds, whole grains, olive and corn oils, red onions, broccoli, carrots and berries.

Try to include a wide range of fruits and vegetables in your diet so that you can gain their amazing benefits for good health!

Source: Complete Family Nutrition, Jane Clarke

While All4Women endeavours to ensure health articles are based on scientific research, health articles should not be considered as a replacement for professional medical advice. Should you have concerns related to this content, it is advised that you discuss them with your personal healthcare provider.