Do you know what these factors are?

Principal factors of hair damage

The following principal factors can cause damage to your hair over time:

Mechanical factors

Mechanical factors are a very common cause of hair damage. This includes setting, pulling, twisting, back combing and ill-treating hair with a hair brush.

Avoid ‘playing’ with your hair if you tend to do this often as this could weaken the hair shaft and cause hair damage as well.

Subscribe to our Free Daily All4Women Newsletter to enter

Emotional factors

When an individual is experiencing stress or anxiety, her scalp muscles will contract. This causes blood flow to the hair follicle to be restricted.

In addition, research has revealed that, when people are undergoing emotional stress, they tend to cause increased mechanical damage to their hair either by over brushing or pulling it.

All the above can contribute to a loss of amino acids. The hair thus has ‘no internal structure to strengthen and regenerate itself’.

Environmental factors

Environmental factors that can cause hair damage over time include pollution, ultraviolet rays as well as extremes of temperatures.


Chemicals found in hair care products may cause damage to your hair if used over frequently. These products include temporary as well as permanent hair colourants.


Try to limit the amount of heat that is applied to your hair. This may involve limiting or avoiding the use of hair styling equipment such as hair-dryers, hair straighteners, hair curlers, etc.

Chat to your doctor

If you are concerned about the condition of your hair, consult your medical doctor as it could be a symptom of an underlying condition.

Source: Women’s Health, Dr Goncal Folch

While All4Women endeavours to ensure health articles are based on scientific research, health articles should not be considered as a replacement for professional medical advice. Should you have concerns related to this content, it is advised that you discuss them with your personal healthcare provider.