Last updated on Jun 21st, 2021 at 04:52 pm

Hi Susan

My daughter is in Grade 5. My concern is that she can read with perfect fluency, but her comprehension does not match her reading ability. She fails comprehension tests. She did OT and speech therapy in Grade 1 and 2.

Regards

Monique

Subscribe to our Free Daily All4Women Newsletter to enter

 ***

Dear Monique

As young children, we first learn to read; and then we start reading to learn. Some children who are proficient at oral reading can experience difficulty at this time, in terms of comprehending what they read.

As previously explained to you, while there may be other causes, the most common causes of a reading comprehension problem involve a lack of vocabulary, poor memory skills and poor logical thinking skills.

The skill of logical thinking is important because it gives readers the ability to make inferences, which entails using what you know to make a guess about what you don’t know, or reading between the lines. Readers who make inferences use the clues in the text along with their own experiences to help them figure out what is not directly said.

As promised in last week’s column , here is the second logical thinking exercise, which will not only help to improve your daughter’s comprehension, but will also help beat the summer holiday ‘brain drain’. In the examples below, your daughter should pick the object that does not fit in the groups below and explain why she thinks it does not belong there:

  1. Airplane
    Helicopter
    Train
    Microlight plane
  2. Pepper shaker
    Knife
    Fork
    Spoon
  3. Man
    Colt
    Filly
    Boy
  4. Milk
    Coffee
    Tea
    Strawberries
  5. Newspaper
    Radio
    Magazine
    Book
  6. Rose
    Carnation
    Lavender
    Pine tree
  7. Dog
    Horse
    Spider
    Cat
  8. Lion
    Cow
    Sheep
    Pig
  9. Red
    Blue
    Green
    Yellow
  10. Rectangle
    Square
    Parallelogram
    Triangle
  11. Swimming
    Canoeing
    Tennis
    Scuba diving
  12. Apple
    Orange
    Banana
    Pumpkin
  13. Summer
    Winter
    Autumn
    Rain
  14. Eight
    Six
    Seven
    Four
  15. Germany
    Asia
    North America
    Africa
  16. Dress
    Sock
    Shirt
    Watch
  17. English
    French
    Spanish
    United States
  18. Opera
    Musical
    Show jumping
    Ballet
  19. Horse
    Goat
    Camel
    Donkey
  20. 90º
    Right angle
    270º – 180º
    270º – 90º

Answers:

  1. Train – all the others refer to air transportation
  2. Pepper shaker – all the others are eating utensils
  3. Filly – all the others are male
  4. Strawberries – all the others are liquids
  5. Radio – all the others are printed media
  6. Pine tree – all the others are flowers
  7. Spider – all the others have four legs
  8. Lion – all the others are farm animals
  9. Green – all the others are primary colours
  10. Triangle – all the others have four corners
  11. Tennis – all the others are water sports
  12. Pumpkin – all the others are fruit
  13. Rain – all the others are seasons
  14. Seven – all the others are multiples of two
  15. Germany – all the others are continents
  16. Watch – all the others are items of clothing
  17. United States – all the others are languages
  18. Show jumping – all the others are theatre productions
  19. Goat – all the others are animals that one can ride
  20. 270º – 90º – all the others are 90º angles

Best wishes,

Susan on School Stuff

Tips for sending questions

Send your questions to schoolstuff@edublox.com

Try to give as much detail as possible when sending your questions. Include your child’s age and grade and the specific problems that you have noticed and are concerned about.

Sign your letter to Susan with your first name only, or a pseudonym if you wish your identity to remain private.