The second most common cancer in men worldwide
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide!
Rates of prostate cancer are higher in developed countries, which some experts believe is linked to a Westernised diet and lifestyle.
Researchers at the Universities of Bristol, Cambridge and Oxford looked at the diets and lifestyles of 1 806 men aged between 50 and 69 with prostate cancer and compared with 12 005 cancer-free men.
Prostate cancer prevention dietary index
The NIHR-funded study is the first study of its kind to develop a prostate cancer ‘dietary index’ which consists of dietary components – selenium, calcium and foods rich in lycopene. Men who had optimal intake of these three dietary components had a lower risk of prostate cancer.
Tomatoes and related products – such as tomato juice and baked beans – were shown to be most beneficial, with an 18 per cent reduction in risk found in men eating over 10 portions a week.
This is thought to be due to lycopene, an antioxidant which fights off toxins that can cause DNA and cell damage.
“Our findings suggest that tomatoes may be important in prostate cancer prevention. However, further studies need to be conducted to confirm our findings, especially through human trials. Men should still eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, maintain a healthy weight and stay active,â? said Vanessa Er, from the School of Social and Community Medicine at the University of Bristol and Bristol Nutrition BRU, who led the research.
The researchers also looked at the recommendations on physical activity, diet and body weight for cancer prevention published by the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR).
Only the recommendation on plant foods – high intake of fruits, vegetables and dietary fibre – was found to be associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer.
Source: University of Bristol via ScienceDaily
Recommended reading: Lack of sleep increases risk of prostate cancer
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