Officials estimated that six million people attended the ceremony or lined the Papal route to Rizal Park, a record for a papal event. (About five million welcomed Pope John Paul II in Manila in 1995.)

According to the Vatican, Pope Francis dedicated part of the service to the victims of Typhoon Haiyan, which devastated the country in 2013. The Mass marked the end of his six-day tour of Asia, and formed part of the Pope’s final full day in the Philippines, a nation of 80 million Catholics.