Kawasaki disease or Kawasaki syndrome is a disease that affects mostly children. It causes a high fever that does not respond to everyday medication and causes inflammation of the blood vessels
Although this relatively rare illness is the most common cause of non-congenital heart disease in children, it usually resolves by itself with minimal damage done to the arteries.
COVID-19 infections have seen an increase in cases of Multisystem inflammatory syndrome similar to Kawasaki syndrome and increasing the danger of heart disease for children.
How does COVID-19 affect children?
Although the mortality rate for children due to COVID-19 is low, children can be infected with COVID-19.
According to Harvard Health, children rarely experience symptoms after COVID-19 infections. Those who do have symptoms have mild manageable symptoms which could possibly be more severe if children have underlying health issues.
One of the most common symptoms of COVID-19 is a high fever. This is also one of the signs of Kawasaki syndrome.
A study has found that children in Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad/Rawalpindi and Pakistan, are increasingly developing multi-system inflammation, which resembles Kawasaki syndrome as a result of COVID-19 infection.
Why is this important?
The science behind why children infected with COVID-19 would develop multi-system inflammation after their recovery is still, like many other after-effects of COVID-19, being studied.
It is important to note that Kawasaki syndrome and Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome have lasting effects on vital organs like the heart, lungs and kidneys.
According to The Centre for Disease Control, children showing the signs of MIS-C (Multisystem inflammatory syndrome) should seek immediate medical attention.
Does your child have Kawasaki syndrome or MIS-C?
Kawasaki syndrome and MIS-C have similar symptoms in children to COVID-19.
- A high fever, that can not be lowered by paracetamol and other usual methods
- Problems breathing
- Stomach aches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bloodshot eyes
- A very red tongue (that looks similar to strawberry)
- Extreme fatigue and brain fog
- COVID-rash and skin discolouration
These symptoms could be a reason to suspect COVID-19 infection or after COVID-19 infection, may be symptoms of Kawasaki syndrome or MIS-C.
With proper medical care and treatment, children are likely to make a full recovery, however, without treatment, children may suffer long term effects of the illness.
While All4Women endeavours to ensure health articles are based on scientific research, health articles should not be considered as a replacement for professional medical advice. Should you have concerns related to this content, it is advised that you discuss them with your personal healthcare provider.