The well-being of your child is a parent’s biggest priority. As a child’s immune system develops over time, they could fall prey to some of common medical conditions before their immune system is fully functional.

Skin, ear and throat infections, cold and flu, and sinus issues are amongst the most common illnesses or medical conditions that young children are most susceptible to.

Adding to this list are some uncommon issues that usually affect adults. However, children are also susceptible to them. Here are some common adult medical issues that can also affect children:


According to Arthritis South Africa, juvenile arthritis is the world’s leading contributor to musculoskeletal disabilities in children. In SA, between 19-25 0000 children are affected by arthritis, and most are left undiagnosed. COVID-19 has contributed to a rise in undiagnosed cases.

Symptoms are left unnoticed or kids may adapt to them.

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The most common symptoms of arthritis in children include:

  • A change in the child’s levels of physical activity
  • Painful, hot, or inflamed joints
  • Fatigue

Parents need to seek medical attention should they notice these symptoms, especially the sore joints. Early diagnosis is key when treating juvenile arthritis

Urinary Tract Infections

Bacterial build-up on a child’s skin or poop can lead to a bladder infection, commonly known as a Urinary Tract Infection. Children as young as two-years-old can contract this disease.

UTI symptoms in children are:

  • Signs of pain during urination
  • More urine accidents signalling fear of going to the bathroom
  • Pain in the abdomen, back, or sides

A urine test at the Dr. is the main way a UTI can be detected in children. So, if you suspect that your child may be experiencing this, go to your Dr.

Vaginal yeast infection

A yeast infection is uncommon amongst girls that have not hit puberty yet. It does not mean that younger girls cannot get the infection. A yeast infection is caused by an overgrowing fungus called Candida. The presence of Candida is normal, but an excess of the fungus can lead to a vaginal yeast infection.

The most common symptoms of a yeast infection include:

  • Vaginal itchiness and pain
  • White vaginal discharge
  • White patches on the vagina

If your daughter complains about pain and itchiness, seek medical attention for them.


Thrush is an oral yeast infection caused by an oversupply of Candida. A yeast infection is more common in groups that have a weakened immune system. Some children may not show any clear symptoms but may complain about discomfort in the mouth, or struggle to eat and swallow.

The symptoms of thrush include:

  • Pain when swallowing
  • White patches on the mouth and inside
  • Burning in the mouth
  • Abnormal taste

Your child will need anti-fungal medication to help treat the infection. So, you will need to see a doctor as soon as you can.



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While All4Women endeavours to ensure health articles are based on scientific research, health articles should not be considered as a replacement for professional medical advice. Should you have concerns related to this content, it is advised that you discuss them with your personal healthcare provider.