Last updated on Feb 23rd, 2021 at 01:45 pm

During the early years you are your child’s first teacher and his most sensitive guide. Time spent together is invaluable. Finding a moment to give your child your undivided attention will provide reassurance and comfort, and the one-on-one attention will cause your child to flourish.

Physical development:

  • You can expect your toddler to use his hands in a variety of different ways, from carefully turning a page to holding a pencil and unscrewing a jar. Practising undoing buttons on clothes for instance can help him develop his fine motor skills and independence. Seeing his own progress, and enjoying the pleasure and satisfaction that it brings, encourages your child to try other new things.

Social and emotional development

  • Understanding what is ‘mine’ at this age can result in a level of possessiveness in children. Your child has developed a clear idea of what possessions are, but still needs reminding that he can share what he has. Most of this is learned by example. It helps to explain to him why it is important to respect other people’s belongings.

Cognitive development:

  • By now your child’s vocabulary might include as many as 200 to 300 words. He may be using connecting phrases such as ‘and’, while also adding details through descriptions. With this acquired vocabulary comes the question ‘why?’ This process of questioning is valuable to your child as it helps him to understand the world around him. 32–34 months It is important to allow your child to be creative and learn how to develop his own imagination.

Physical development:

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  • Your 2-year-old can build on the strength he has developed thus far to climb up and down stairs, walk on tiptoe and control hand movements more accurately. Jump ng with two feet may be possible, although he may still rather prefer to keep his feet flat but you can suggest games that encourage him to walk on tiptoe in bare feet. This strengthens his flexibility and balance. His fine motor skills such as eating with a spoon or fork are also improving. Social and emotional development Attention-seeking behaviour in toddlers can take on different forms, and having a tantrum is often one of them. At this age, tantrums in children are often due to changes or events or are a learned response. Tantrums are usually linked to a child’s frustration and inability to communicate effectively. A 2-year-old can’t do all the things he wants or fully understands that there are things he can’t have.

Cognitive development:

  • Your child may become aware of the concept of simple number sequences and different categories. Through constant repetition he might have learned to ‘count’, although in reality he has been repeating a sequence of sounds. He will be able to use these familiar worlds to represent the more tangible concept of counting. Your child might also grasp the concept of different categories. You may even find that he repeats numbers, sequences and categories while playing.

Milestones: 34 to 36 months