While all that small writing on the back of your skincare bottle may seem unimportant, finding out some of the essential ingredients for an effective skincare routine is super useful…

We’ve all got our trusted skincare products that we know and love, but have you ever really turned that bottle around and investigated the back of it? You know, that list with all the tiny words entitled “ingredients” that most of us never pay any attention to, and even if we did, feel that we may as well be reading a foreign language and so simply trust that it’s all under control. The truth though is that there are some incredibly essential ingredients that you should be looking for in certain products, depending on what you are wanting from your cleanser, moisturiser or toner.

As always, we’ve got your basic skincare needs taken care of, which is why we’ve put together this list of essential ingredients that you should look out for in order to have an effective skincare routine…

Hyaluronic acid

Those with dry, dehydrated skin should be looking out for this miracle moisturising ingredient. It helps the moisture in the product bind to the skin, keeping it there to do its job, and because of this, helps plump up the skin, eliminating wrinkles and fine lines.

Retinol

You’ve surely heard about this one, and the fact that it is the ingredient to use if ageing is your concern. It is derived from vitamin A and aids in cell turnover and, because of this, not only helps with those wrinkles but also helps with dark spots, clogged pores and smoothing out your skin. This is the gold standard when it comes to skin rejuvenation.

Subscribe to our Free Daily All4Women Newsletter to enter

Vitamin C

This ingredient acts as a much-needed barrier between the external environment and your skin, protecting it from things like pollution, free radicals and sun damage, while also working to minimise the effects of stress, increase the production of collagen and restore a youthful glow.

Lactic acid

Like glycolic acid, this ingredient is an alpha hydroxy acid, which means that it is an exfoliant. We all know that exfoliating is incredibly important as it gets rid of dead skin cells which aids in cell turnover, giving your skin a glow, unclogging and shrinking pores. Lactic acid is a more gentle ingredient, making it safer for sensitive skins.

Adult acne: why do I have it and how do I get rid of it?

Salicylic acid

If acne or breakouts are your concern, this is an ingredient you’ll want to include in your regime. This is a beta hydroxy acid, and gets deep into your pores while exfoliating, thus thoroughly unclogging them. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, making it great for inflammation and redness.

Niacinamide

This vitamin B3 derivative is a star when it comes to inflammation and redness, and is an overall great antioxidant, helping with more serious skin concerns like hyper-pigmentation, acne and rosacea. It also aids cell metabolism, assisting with anti-ageing and moisturising properties.