Whilst you should never stop treatment without your doctor’s approval, here’s a possible way to reduce the need for diabetic medication…

Eating a carb-rich breakfast and a light supper, in sync with your biological clock, may reduce the need for diabetic medication.

This is according to new research from Tel Aviv University

The problem with insulin medication

If you’re a type 2 diabetic, you may have to inject yourself with insulin, a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into liver, muscle and fat cells.

Some type 2 diabetics have to inject themselves with insulin up to four times a day.

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There is a downside to this type of diabetic medication.

While it helps manage their condition, insulin injections are linked to weight gain and the loss of control of blood sugar levels. This triggers a vicious circle of higher insulin doses, continuous weight gain, a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease and other complications.

Breakfast like a king, supper like a pauper

You should never stop medication without your doctor’s approval. However, new research has found that eating a starch-rich breakfast early in the morning and a small dinner in the evening could replace insulin injections and medications for many diabetics.

“The traditional diabetic diet specifies six small meals spread throughout the day. But our research proposes shifting the starch-rich calories to the early hours of the day. This produces a glucose balance and improved glycaemic control among type 2 diabetics,” explains lead author of the study Prof Daniela Jakubowicz of TAU’s Sackler Faculty of Medicine and Wolfson Medical Center’s Diabetes Unit.

“We believe that through this regimen it will be possible for diabetics to significantly reduce or even stop the injections of insulin, and most of the anti-diabetic medications, to achieve excellent control of glucose levels.”

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Current diabetic diet recommendations

Prof Jakubowicz says that the usual diet recommended for type 2 diabetes consists of several small meals evenly distributed throughout the day – “for example, three meals and three snacks daily, including a snack before going to sleep to prevent a drop in sugar levels during the night,”

“But the ‘6M-diet’, as this is called, has not been effective for sugar control, so diabetics require additional medication and insulin. And insulin injections lead to weight gain, which further increases blood sugar levels,” Prof Jakubowicz adds.

Eating breakfast and fasting at night is ideal

According to the new research, our metabolism and biological clock are optimised for eating in the morning and for fasting during the evening and night, when we are supposed to be asleep.

The researchers studied 29 type 2 diabetes participants and compared a new “3M-diet”, more in alignment with our biological clock, with a control group on the traditional 6M-diet. The experimental 3M-diet comprises a meal of bread, fruits and sweets in the early hours of the morning; a substantial lunch; and a small dinner specifically lacking starches, sweets and fruits.

The 3-M diet vs. the 6-M diabetic diet

The group on the traditional 6M-diet did not lose weight and did not experience any improvement of sugar levels, requiring an increase in medication and insulin doses.

In contrast, the group on the 3M-diet not only lost weight but also experienced substantially improved sugar levels.

“Their need for diabetic medication, especially for insulin doses, dipped substantially. Some were even able to stop using insulin altogether,” adds Prof. Jakubowicz.

“In addition, the 3M-diet improved the expression of biological clock genes. This suggests that the 3M-diet is not only more effective in controlling diabetes. It may also prevent many other complications such as cardiovascular disease, ageing and cancer, which are all regulated by the biological clock genes.”

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Source: American Friends of Tel Aviv University via www.sciencedaily.com