Last updated on Jul 7th, 2020 at 02:25 pm
If you’re not sure what your life goals are anymore, start making new ones…
According to 18-year study, people who preserve to keep their life goals (or who get better over time at not giving up on their goals) and who have a positive outlook and appear to have less anxiety and depression and fewer panic attacks.
“Perseverance cultivates a sense of purposefulness that can create resilience against or decrease current levels of major depressive disorder, generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder,” says Nur Hani Zainal, MS, from The Pennsylvania State University and lead author of the study.
“Looking on the bright side of unfortunate events has the same effect because people feel that life is meaningful, understandable and manageable.”
A way to break the cycle of negative thought patterns
Depression, anxiety and panic disorders are common mental health disorders that can be chronic and debilitating and put a person’s physical health and livelihood at risk, according to Zainal and her co-author, Michelle G. Newman, PhD, also of The Pennsylvania State University.
“Often, people with these disorders are stuck in a cycle of negative thought patterns and behaviours that can make them feel worse,” says Newman. “We wanted to understand what specific coping strategies would be helpful in reducing rates of depression, anxiety and panic attacks.”
Focus on goal persistence, self-mastery and positive reappraisal
Zainal and Newman used data from 3 294 adults who were studied over 18 years. The average age of participants was 45, nearly all were white and slightly fewer than half were college-educated.
Data were collected three times, in 1995 to 1996, 2004 to 2005 and 2012 to 2013. At each interval, participants were asked to rate their goal persistence (e.g., “When I encounter problems, I don’t give up until I solve them”), self-mastery (e.g., “I can do just anything I really set my mind to”) and positive reappraisal (e.g., “I can find something positive, even in the worst situations”).
Diagnoses for major depressive, anxiety and panic disorders were also collected at each interval.
People who showed more goal persistence and optimism during the first assessment in the mid-1990s had greater reductions in depression, anxiety and panic disorders across the 18 years, according to the authors.
And throughout those years, people who began with fewer mental health problems showed more increased perseverance toward life goals and were better at focusing on the positive side of unfortunate events.
“Our findings suggest that people can improve their mental health by raising or maintaining high levels of tenacity, resilience and optimism,” says Zainal, “Aspiring toward personal and career goals can make people feel like their lives have meaning. On the other hand, disengaging from striving toward those aims or having a cynical attitude can have high mental health costs.”
Unlike in previous research, Zainal and Newman did not find that self-mastery, or feeling in control of one’s fate, had an effect on the mental health of participants across the 18-year period.
“This could have been because the participants, on average, did not show any changes in their use of self-mastery over time,” says Newman. “It is possible that self-mastery is a relatively stable part of a person’s character that does not easily change.”
Source: American Psychological Association via www.sciencedaily.com
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