About 25% to 33% of American adult women are affected by intimate partner violence abuse. 88% to 94% of these victims seek medical help for head and neck injuries. 56% of these women have facial fractures. Intimate partner violence accounts for 34 percent to 73 percent of facial injuries in women.
Assault is linked to jaw fractures, complicated breaks in the cheekbones, cracks or breaks in bones surrounding the eye, and brain injury.
The latter 3 injuries are usually found in assault by an intimate partner, whereas assault by a stranger usually results in jaw fractures.
Women who are assaulted by intimate partners usually delay seeking medical help.