There are many risk factors for osteoporosis, some of which can be altered by making lifestyle changes, others not.
What is osteoporosis?
The condition is a ‘disorder of the skeleton resulting in compromised bone strength, leading to an increased risk of fracture’. If bones start to lose mass and strength, they tend to become more fragile – this allows them to fracture easily.
Does osteoporosis affect more women than men?
Yes, osteoporosis affects more women than men. Statistics have reflected that one in five men over the age of 50 will experience the condition, whilst it affects one in every three women, worldwide.
Risk factors of osteoporosis
The risk factors of osteoporosis include having a family history of the condition, malignant diseases, age, renal disease, ethnicity, gender, osteodystrophy in paediatrics, early menopause (before 45 years of age, or hysterectomy), long term use of corticosteroid medication, chronic diseases such as hormonal or intestinal disorders and primary (or secondary) hypogonadism in both genders.
Which factors can be altered by making lifestyle changes?
The risk factors of osteoporosis that can be altered by making lifestyle changes include engaging in insufficient exercise, poor nutrition and eating disorders, a low dietary calcium intake, a low body mass index as well as alcohol consumption and smoking. If any of these factors apply to you, you may want to consider making some changes soon.
Chat to your doctor for more information on osteoporosis.
Source: ‘Mum’s Mail’, Issue 142, Durban
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