An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of a blood vessel caused by the weakening of the vessel wall.
Aneurysms can occur in any blood vessel, but the most dangerous aneurysms are those that form in the aorta or the arteries in the brain, because ruptures can lead to death up to half the time they occur.
Aneurysms are often difficult to detect until they rupture and equally difficult to prevent, but there are steps you can take to help you avoid an aneurysm or prevent one from rupturing if it is detected.
1. Quit smoking
In addition to increasing the risk of developing emphysema and lung cancer, smoking also increases your chances of developing an aneurysm. You may need your doctor's help to find the right programme to help you quit. Furthermore, itâs extremely important that you do not expose yourself to second-hand smoke.
2. Drink moderately
Drinking too much alcohol can also weaken blood vessel walls, increasing the possibility of developing an aneurysm. If you have other problems related to excessive drinking, you may need to give it up entirely.
3. Use drugs correctly
Abusing drugs, prescription or otherwise, can lead to inflammation in blood vessels and the formation of aneurysms. Habitual cocaine users are particularly susceptible to the development of brain aneurysms.
4. Adopt a healthy diet
Choose a diet with a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meat and non-meat protein sources. Avoid excess fats, cholesterol, sodium and sugar.
5. Exercise regularly
Exercising at least 30 minutes every day will help you avoid an aneurysm or prevent one from rupturing. Your doctor can recommend suitable exercises for you.
6. Monitor your overall health
Key factors to avoiding an aneurysm or preventing one from rupturing include monitoring your weight, cholesterol, blood glucose and blood pressure levels.
If at least two other members of your family have had aneurysms, you should be screened for the possibility of developing an aneurysm yourself. Doctors normally recommend such screenings every five years.
Many doctore recommend that patients at risk for developing aneurysms or their rupturing take low-dose aspirin to prevent the buildup of arterial plaque that can weaken blood vessel walls. Consult with your doctor to determine whether this treatment is right for you.
7. Manage your stress levels
Taking steps to manage your stress levels can help you avoid developing an aneurysm.
Warnings of impending aneurysm
Warnings of an impending brain aneurysm include symptoms such as a sudden, severe headache, seizures, nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity, vision problems, confusion or loss of consciousness.
Further symptoms might include pain behind one eye, a dilated pupil or drooping eyelid, double or blurred vision, or numbness or paralysis on one side of the face.
Summon emergency help at once if you or someone else experiences any of these symptoms.
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